Selected Publications

BYU Authors: Gus L.W. Hart, Lance J. Nelson, Richard R. Vanfleet, and Branton J. Campbell, published in Acta Mater.
Abstract Because of the important applications of platinum alloys and related platinum-group-metals phases, complete phase diagrams for these systems are important for materials engineering. The currently accepted phase diagram for the Ag-Pt system is questionable because of its disagreement with earlier experiments and because of its claim for a lone ordered structure at 53%-Pt which was not characterized and which contradicts both computational predictions and analogy to the isoelectronic system Cu-Pt. A complete re-examination of the Ag-Pt system by computational and experimental means suggests a phase diagram similar to the isoelectronic system Cu-Pt. The unknown compound, claimed to be 53%-Pt, is found to be the \{L11\} structure at 50%-Pt. 
BYU Authors: Sarah M. Young, Brian E. Anderson, Robert C. Davis, and Richard R. Vanfleet, published in Proc. Meet. Acoust.
The two microphone transfer function technique is used to measure sound transmission properties of porous screens or membranes in a plane wave tube. This paper will compare sound transmission of porous screens from several manufacturers. Measurements are made with two different plane wave tubes, one of diameter 10.2 cm to measure frequencies between 100 Hz and 2 kHz, and the other of diameter 1.3 cm to measure frequencies between 2 kHz and 16 kHz. Multiple methods of transmission loss measurement and analysis are presented. Special considerations are made to account for the intrinsic losses in the smaller diameter tube.
BYU Authors: Joseph Rowley, Lei Pei, Robert C. Davis, and Richard R. Vanfleet, published in J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A
Sputtered amorphous carbon thin films were explored as corrosion resistant coatings on aluminum thin films to be incorporated into x-ray detector windows. The requirements for this application include high corrosion resistance, low intrinsic stress, high strains at failure, and high x-ray transmission. Low temperature sputtering was used because of its compatibility with the rest of the window fabrication process. Corrosion resistance was tested by exposure of carbon coated and uncoated Al thin films to humidity. Substrate curvature and bulge testing measurements were used to determine intrinsic stress and ultimate strain at failure. The composition and bonding of the carbon films were further characterized by electron energy loss spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen elemental analyses. Samples had low compressive stress (down to.08 GPa), a high strain at failure (3%), and a low fraction of sp3 carbon–carbon bonds (less than 5%). The high breaking strain and excellent x-ray transmission of these sputtered carbon films indicate that they will work well as corrosion barriers in this application.
BYU Authors: Bhupinder Singh, Stacey J. Smith, David S. Jensen, Paul B. Farnsworth, Richard Vanfleet, Jeffrey K. Farrer, and Matthew R. Linford, published in Anal. Bioanal. Chem.
BYU Authors: Lawrence K. Barrett, Dallin J. Barton, Steven G. Noyce, David D. Allred, Richard R. Vanfleet, and Robert C. Davis, published in J. Microelectromech. Syst.
High-aspect-ratio metallic microstructures have a variety of potential applications in sensing and actuation. However, fabrication remains a challenge. We have fabricated nickel microstructures with over 20:1 aspect ratios by electroplating patterned carbon-coated carbon-nanotube forests using a nickel chloride bath. Pulse plating allows nickel ions to diffuse into the interior of the forest during off portions of the cycle. Done properly, this solves the problem of the formation of an external crust, which otherwise blocks nickel deposition in the interior of the structures. Thus, densities of 86 ± 3% of bulk Ni for the composite structures are achieved. Cantilever structures do not yield under load, but break. Measurements of the material properties of this composite material indicate an elastic modulus of ~42 GPa and a strength of 400 MPa. We demonstrate the utility of this method with an external field magnetic actuator consisting of a proof mass and two flexures. We achieved 1-mN actuation forces. [2014-0274]
BYU Authors: Kevin M. Marr, Richard R. Vanfleet, and Brian D. Iverson, published in ACS Nano
The utility of unmanned micro underwater vehicles (MUVs) is paramount for exploring confined spaces, but their spatial agility is often impaired when maneuvers require burst-propulsion. Herein we develop high-aspect ratio (150:1), multiwalled carbon nanotube microarray membranes (CNT-MMs) for propulsive, MUV thrust generation by the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The CNT-MMs are grown via chemical vapor deposition with diamond shaped pores (nominal diagonal dimensions of 4.5 × 9.0 μm) and subsequently decorated with urchin-like, platinum (Pt) nanoparticles via a facile, electroless, chemical deposition process. The Pt-CNT-MMs display robust, high catalytic ability with an effective activation energy of 26.96 kJ mol–1 capable of producing a thrust of 0.209 ± 0.049 N from 50% [w/w] H2O2 decomposition within a compact reaction chamber of eight Pt-CNT-MMs in series.